2-D materials refer to a class of nano-materials which are merely 1 to 2 atoms thick. The material of Graphene is definitely the most prominent material which is generally associated with two dimensional materials.
What are 2D materials?
2D materials posses extraordinary properties with their capacity to be exceptionally strong, light-weight, flexible and excellent conductors of heat and electricity. Graphene for example which is the most renowned material associated with 2D materials is considerably much slimmer than paper, also it is nearly transparent and is one of the strongest materials out there.
2D Materials in Research Applications
Study of 2D materials for research is definitely one of latest areas of engineering and material science. Two dimensional materials possess the potential to radicalize many electronic applications such as transistors, digital screens, digital screens, solar cell optics and semi-conductors.
Research on 2-D materials is definitely one of the many sought after materials which is researched upon especially graphene, and has garnered interests from scientists from different fields like medicine, physics, chemistry, engineering and many more. This 2D materials for research and activity of these materials has led to the emergence of a new discovery of very thin metals, semiconductors, semimetals, insulators, metal dichalcogenides, oxides/hydroxides and others.
2D materials have most definitely garnered a lot of research interest since the discovery of graphene. Their unique properties being mechanical, electrical and optical properties hold great power and potential which can be harnessed as a key component in different fields of applications such as electronics and optics.
The atomic thickness of these materials along with their versatility makes them easier to customize, has led to the sizeable application potentials. What is even more interesting is that, graphene is being used for the further development of upcoming devices, the assemblance of two dimensional materials monomers (a molecule which when bonded to other similar molecules forms a polymer) into giant structure is of utmost importance, which will ultimately determine their industrialization. Designing of the monomer which leads to the formation of polymers and controlling their conduct, we are able to take the next step towards the exploring of other two dimensional objects or materials towards the future generation.
The family of 2D materials includes a very wide range of compositions including almost all the elements from the periodic table. This results into a rich variety of electronic properties which includes metals, semimetals, insulators and semiconductors.